Climate change can alter growth rates and growing seasons, thereby affecting biomass and timber supplies. Research suggest that warmer temperatures and increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations will increase tree growth rates, and facilitate poleward migration of commercially productive species.
Increase in direct tree damage is possible due to the more extreme weather, with elevated fire and insect risk, as well as wind, ice, and snow damage. Climate change can also enhance invasion processes. Thus, the concurrent effects of climate and land use changes can further increase the already dramatic rates of biological invasions. 13% of (near-)natural ecosystems of Hungary are heavily contaminated with non-indigenous species.
Animal pollination of both wild and cultivated plant species is under threat as a result of multiple environmental pressures acting in concert. Invasive species, pesticide use, land-use changes such as habitat fragmentation and agricultural intensification have all been shown to negatively affect plant-pollinator interactions. Climate change may be a further threat to pollination services.